Alfa beta

Description

An implementation of the alpha-beta algorithm.

Source: PROLOG programming for artificial intelligence, 3rd Edition, Harlow, 2001, ISBN 0-201-40375-7.

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Program source code: alfa_beta.pl

Listing

% Figure 22.5  An implementation of the alpha-beta algorithm.
 
 
% The alpha-beta algorithm
 
alphabeta( Pos, Alpha, Beta, GoodPos, Val)  :-
  moves( Pos, PosList), !,
  boundedbest( PosList, Alpha, Beta, GoodPos, Val);
  staticval( Pos, Val).                              % Static value of Pos 
 
boundedbest( [Pos | PosList], Alpha, Beta, GoodPos, GoodVal)  :-
  alphabeta( Pos, Alpha, Beta, _, Val),
  goodenough( PosList, Alpha, Beta, Pos, Val, GoodPos, GoodVal).
 
goodenough( [], _, _, Pos, Val, Pos, Val)  :-  !.    % No other candidate
 
goodenough( _, Alpha, Beta, Pos, Val, Pos, Val)  :-
  min_to_move( Pos), Val > Beta, !                   % Maximizer attained upper bound
  ;
  max_to_move( Pos), Val < Alpha, !.                 % Minimizer attained lower bound
 
goodenough( PosList, Alpha, Beta, Pos, Val, GoodPos, GoodVal)  :-
  newbounds( Alpha, Beta, Pos, Val, NewAlpha, NewBeta),    % Refine bounds  
  boundedbest( PosList, NewAlpha, NewBeta, Pos1, Val1),
  betterof( Pos, Val, Pos1, Val1, GoodPos, GoodVal).
 
newbounds( Alpha, Beta, Pos, Val, Val, Beta)  :-
  min_to_move( Pos), Val > Alpha, !.                 % Maximizer increased lower bound 
 
newbounds( Alpha, Beta, Pos, Val, Alpha, Val)  :-
   max_to_move( Pos), Val < Beta, !.                 % Minimizer decreased upper bound 
 
newbounds( Alpha, Beta, _, _, Alpha, Beta).          % Otherwise bounds unchanged 
 
betterof( Pos, Val, Pos1, Val1, Pos, Val)  :-        % Pos better than Pos1 
  min_to_move( Pos), Val > Val1, !
  ;
  max_to_move( Pos), Val < Val1, !.
 
betterof( _, _, Pos1, Val1, Pos1, Val1).             % Otherwise Pos1 better

Comments

pl/prolog/pllib/alfa_beta.txt · ostatnio zmienione: 2017/07/17 08:08 (edycja zewnętrzna)
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